19世紀ウクライナの戦争が人類にもたらしたもの ―カーディガン、気象予報、看護学/What the 19th Century Ukrainian War Brought to Mankind-Cardigans, Weather Forecasts, Nursing

Translation / 翻訳













coen / InRed 2021年10月号掲載 女優・桜庭ななみさんが着る『秋の大人カジュアル』
InRed 2021年10月号掲載 秋を感じるアイテムを女優の桜庭ななみさんにご着用いただきました。

Cardigan and Raglan Sleeve

The front-opening and buttoned cardigan was devised by the Earl of Cardigan in England to make it easier for injured soldiers to wear during the Crimean War, which was a war between the Ottoman Empire and the Allied Forces of the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Kingdom of Sardinia. rice field. Similarly, the raglan sleeves are said to have originated from the fact that Baron Raglan of England stretched the sleeve fabric to the neck to simplify the tailoring and to make it easier for injured soldiers to wear. Weather forecasts also began in the war when a French warship sank in a storm.


Tragic Crimean War

The Crimean War was a tragic war, as Tolstoy of Russia wrote in his novel “Sevastopol”. “Sevastopol, who has been bubbling an extraordinary energetic life for the past few months, has witnessed heroes dying one after another in the last few months, with horror in the last few months, which aroused hatred and the praise of the enemy at the end” (Iwanami Bunko “Sevastopol”). Tolstoy’s pacifism was also due to his experience in the Crimean War.

Nightingale who created nursing practice

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), a British nurse who served in the Crimea War, took 24 sisters and 14 nurses to a hospital in Scutari, Istanbul, where the barracks used by the Turkish army were remodeled. She went to the hospital in November 1854 and realized that many hospital deaths were caused by unsanitary infectious diseases, and contributed to dramatically reducing the mortality rate by promoting natural healing by improving the hygiene of hospitals.

Nightingale thought that the soldiers died not because of injuries on the battlefield, but because of the poor environment in the hospital, and improved the ventilation of the barracks hospital to improve ventilation and prevent the growth of bacteria. She also invited cooks from London to improve the hospital’s meals, allowing injured soldiers to eat hot soup. As a result of improved hygiene at the barracks hospital, partly due to Nightingale’s suggestion, the mortality rate dropped sharply from 42% in February 1855 to 14.5% in April and 5% in May.

Lessons for Japan today

In Japan, infection with the Omicron strain is becoming more serious, but the basics of immunity are said to be sleep and nutrition. Nightingale’s lessons seem to be valid for clean living, adequate nutrition and rest, against the new coronavirus.

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