The US-Biden administration is holding a “democracy summit,” but the United States has once led the collapse of Iran’s Mosaddegh administration by using CIA, which was elected by democratic procedures. If the United States becomes a “democratic leader in the world”, it needs to face the mistakes of the past and reflect on them. Otherwise, the “democracy” that the United States preaches is not convincing to the international community.
When Iran nationalized the oil facilities that Britain was operating in 1951 to overcome the economic difficulties after World War II, Britain removed Iranian oil from the international market. Oil nationalization meant that Iran came to requisition the oil mining and refining facilities that Britain had had in Iran. It goes without saying that Britain was indignant at this Iranian measure. Iran has fallen into serious economic woes, unlike the prospect of economic prosperity due to the nationalization of oil industries.
While oil tanks were full in the oil fields, tankers were sparsely populated at oil shipping ports, and the oil produced began to spill over. Therefore, during this period, the countries and companies that purchased oil from Iran became perceived as “saviors” by the Iranians.
At that time, Japan had just signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty and had just regained its function as a sovereign state. Securing energy is an essential condition for Japan’s economic recovery, and the experience of World War II has made it clear that oil will replace coal as the mainstream of energy.
On April 10, 1953, the Idemitsu oil tanker Nisshomaru arrived at the port of Abadan in Iran. There is no doubt that the arrival of the Nissho Maru in Abadan had a great impact on the world.
It goes without saying that the Iran welcomed the purchase of crude oil by Nisshomaru. On April 13, a ceremony was held at the Nisshomaru to celebrate the purchase by officials from the Iranian Oil Company. In Iran, newspapers also reported the import of Iranian oil by Idemitsu in a large space. On the other hand, the reaction in Japan to the Nisshomaru incident was stronger in the mood to welcome it. Japanese newspapers have also received praise for the Nisshomaru incident, saying that it represents the spirit of independence of Iran and Japan.
When Iran’s tanker entered Iran’s port of Abadan, Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeg invited Mr. Matao Sato, the Idemitsu representative in Iran, to say, “The greatness of the Japanese is always the homage of the Iranians. I am admired for the brave spirit. Unfortunately, Japan lost the war, but I am confident that there will be a day when Japan will rise again. Iran want to work hand in hand with Japan as Orientals. I cannot help thanking you that Japan has decided to buy Iran’s oil. I think Japan is the savior of Iran. Please tell this to Japan and get the true intentions of the Iranian people. “. (Yo Mizuki “Sazo Idemitsu Rebellious Words (Kotodama): The Life of a Man Who Persevered in Pride as a Japanese”)
However, in Iran, which was in economic difficulty, there were anti-Mosaddegh demonstrations and the rise of the Communist Party (Tudeh Party), which the United States hated. The United States has come to prefer a “stable dictatorship” to Prime Minister Mosaddegh’s “unstable democracy,” and the CIA, along with the British MI6, overthrew the Mosaddegh administration in a coup on August 19, 1953, which paved the way to Shah’s dictatorship. This US intervention in Iranian politics led to a revolution in the overthrow of the pro-American royal government and the establishment of anti-US Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979.