The “Democracy Summit” and the United States that toppled Iran’s democracy  -Japan tried to relieve Iran’s economic predicament

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Translation / 翻訳

The US-Biden administration is holding a “democracy summit,” but the United States has once led the collapse of Iran’s Mosaddegh administration by using CIA, which was elected by democratic procedures. If the United States becomes a “democratic leader in the world”, it needs to face the mistakes of the past and reflect on them. Otherwise, the “democracy” that the United States preaches is not convincing to the international community.

FILE – In this Sept. 27, 1951 file photo, Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh rides on the shoulders of cheering crowds in Tehran’s Majlis Square, outside the parliament building, after reiterating his oil nationalization views to his supporters. The U.S. ambassador to Iran mistakenly told the shah in 1953 that Britain’s newly enthroned Queen Elizabeth II backed a plan to overthrow the country’s elected prime minister and America maintained the fiction even after realizing the error, historians now say. (AP Photo, File)

When Iran nationalized the oil facilities that Britain was operating in 1951 to overcome the economic difficulties after World War II, Britain removed Iranian oil from the international market. Oil nationalization meant that Iran came to requisition the oil mining and refining facilities that Britain had had in Iran. It goes without saying that Britain was indignant at this Iranian measure. Iran has fallen into serious economic woes, unlike the prospect of economic prosperity due to the nationalization of oil industries.

While oil tanks were full in the oil fields, tankers were sparsely populated at oil shipping ports, and the oil produced began to spill over. Therefore, during this period, the countries and companies that purchased oil from Iran became perceived as “saviors” by the Iranians.

At that time, Japan had just signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty and had just regained its function as a sovereign state. Securing energy is an essential condition for Japan’s economic recovery, and the experience of World War II has made it clear that oil will replace coal as the mainstream of energy.

On April 10, 1953, the Idemitsu oil tanker Nisshomaru arrived at the port of Abadan in Iran. There is no doubt that the arrival of the Nissho Maru in Abadan had a great impact on the world.

Nisshomaru and Sazo Idemitsu

It goes without saying that the Iran welcomed the purchase of crude oil by Nisshomaru. On April 13, a ceremony was held at the Nisshomaru to celebrate the purchase by officials from the Iranian Oil Company. In Iran, newspapers also reported the import of Iranian oil by Idemitsu in a large space. On the other hand, the reaction in Japan to the Nisshomaru incident was stronger in the mood to welcome it. Japanese newspapers have also received praise for the Nisshomaru incident, saying that it represents the spirit of independence of Iran and Japan.

When Iran’s tanker entered Iran’s port of Abadan, Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeg invited Mr. Matao Sato, the Idemitsu representative in Iran, to say, “The greatness of the Japanese is always the homage of the Iranians. I am admired for the brave spirit. Unfortunately, Japan lost the war, but I am confident that there will be a day when Japan will rise again. Iran want to work hand in hand with Japan as Orientals. I cannot help thanking you that Japan has decided to buy Iran’s oil. I think Japan is the savior of Iran. Please tell this to Japan and get the true intentions of the Iranian people. “. (Yo Mizuki “Sazo Idemitsu Rebellious Words (Kotodama): The Life of a Man Who Persevered in Pride as a Japanese”)

1953 Iranian coup 1953 Iranian coup d’état – Wikipedia

However, in Iran, which was in economic difficulty, there were anti-Mosaddegh demonstrations and the rise of the Communist Party (Tudeh Party), which the United States hated. The United States has come to prefer a “stable dictatorship” to Prime Minister Mosaddegh’s “unstable democracy,” and the CIA, along with the British MI6, overthrew the Mosaddegh administration in a coup on August 19, 1953, which paved the way to Shah’s dictatorship. This US intervention in Iranian politics led to a revolution in the overthrow of the pro-American royal government and the establishment of anti-US Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979.

Featured image:

Iranian actress
Hasti Mahdavifar

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