Che Guevara, who visited Gaza in 1959 ガザを訪問したチェ・ゲバラ

ガザを訪問したチェ・ゲバラ 1959年English Article
Translation / 翻訳



Che Guevara, who visited Gaza in 1959

An Argentine-born revolutionary Che Guevara visited Gaza in 1959, triggered by the outcome of the 1955 Bandung Conference. Just as Egyptian President Nasser, who promoted the Bandung Conference, nationalized the Suez Canal from Britain, the conference emphasized anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism, and national self-determination through non-aligned movements. The Palestinian issue is a negative legacy of British imperialism, and the United States, whose intervention policy the non-allied movement sought to eliminate, has been strongly supporting Israel that brought many Palestinian refugees, and Latin American countries are described as “America’s Backyard.” Guevara, who was opposed to the US intervention policy, had a strong sympathy for the Palestinians. For the Palestinians at that time, even the UN Partition resolution for Palestine was passed regardless of their intentions, and it was felt that the resolution would rob their homeland.

Guevara visited a refugee camp in Gaza, where Palestinians in 247 villages in southern Palestine, who had been displaced by Israel’s independence, were evacuated. In some of these villages, Israeli troops forcibly eliminated Palestinians, and Gaza itself became the stage for the First Middle East War with Israeli independence, and the refugee food centers of Khan Yunis and Deir al-Balah in Gaza were bombarded by Israeli army,  killing more than 200 people.

In Gaza, a Palestinian armed group called “Fedayeen” had begun to resist Israel. Military clashes between Israeli armed groups continued, for example, Israeli troops led by later Prime Minister Ariel Sharon attacked the Breij refugee camp, killing 43 Palestinians and the bombing of the Khan Yunis police station killed 74 Palestinian police officers. In addition, Gaza became a battlefield between Israel and the Egyptian army/Fedeyeen in the 1956 Suez Crisis (Second Middle East War), and after the Bandung Conference proclaiming liberation from colonialism, Gaza and other Palestine became the symbol of non-aligned movements of ani-colonialism such as Israel.

Visiting Gaza, Guevara met with Fedayeen leader Abdullah Abu Sitta (1918-70) and Khan Yunis officials, insisting that Palestinian refugees had to continue the struggle to liberate their homeland. He said that he had no choice but to resist the occupation. From the perspective of the Palestinians at that time, all the Israeli territories were occupied from Palestinians. Guevara, seeing the poverty and difficulties of the people of the Al Breij refugee camp, emphasized that the only way to rescue refugees was to resist.

All 4 Palestine「Model Role Details」より
Abdullah Abu Sitta

Gaza at that time was under Egyptian administration as a result of the First Middle East War, but Guevara’s visit to Gaza gave Egyptian president Nasser a great deal of interest in building a close relationship with Latin America. After Guevara’s visit to Gaza, the Cuban government clarified its support for Palestine by establishing a scholarship system for Palestinian students. During the 2014 Israeli harsh attack on Gaza, Cuba continued to have a close relationship with Palestine, sending humanitarian aid and accepting injured people.

Izquierda「El Che Guevara en Palestina」より
Separation Wall in West Bank / ヨルダン川西岸分離壁で





berdikari online「Jejak Perjuangan Che Guevara Di Palestina」より
In Gaza / ガザで



English Article日本語記事
Follow by E-mail / ブログをメールでフォロー

If you want to follow this blog, enter your e-mail address and click the Follow button.