ウクライナ戦争で忘れられるアフガニスタン/Forgotten Afghanistan by Ukrainian War

Translation / 翻訳

English after Japanese




アフガニスタンの干ばつ/Drought in Afghanistan



アフガニスタンー水を運ぶ子供たち/Afghanistan-Children Carrying Water



With the withdrawal of the US military in August 2021, many international support groups also withdrew from Afghanistan. In addition, the interest of Western countries has shifted to Ukraine, which has been invaded by Russia, and Afghanistan is rapidly becoming a country that has been forgotten by the international community.

Many NGOs gathered in Afghanistan immediately after the withdrawal of Soviet troops in 1989, but when rumors circulated that Westerners would be targeted by terrorism because of the Gulf War, Afghanistan became less talked about in the 1990s. It became a “forgotten country”, becoming a base for activities of radical groups such as Al Qaeda, and became a center of world violence. Al Qaeda was based in Afghanistan and caused large-scale terrorist attacks in Africa and the United States. With the instability of Afghanistan and the distraction of the international community, it could be inconvenient for world security.

In Afghanistan, the drought has made the lives of rural farmers difficult, and urban residents who have deposited money in banks are still unable to withdraw their savings from their accounts. This is because the US Biden administration has frozen Afghanistan’s assets in the United States.

In Afghanistan, 95% of households are undernourished, and 82% of households have lost their income, according to a February 2022 report of “Save the Children”. In addition, Taliban rule made it impossible for women to work, and single-mother families were almost closed to income.

The collapse of Afghanistan’s banking system has led to a shortage of dollars and local currency Afghani banknotes. The lack of banknotes in banks makes it difficult to withdraw even if there are remittances from abroad. There is not enough talk between the United States and the Taliban to bail out the Afghan economy.

Afghanistan’s food shortage has been spurred by the drought since 2020. The drought covers 25 of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. Wheat harvest in 2021 was 20% lower than the previous year. In 2021, 700,000 people were refugeed. In November 2021, the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) revealed that 18.8 million Afghan people were unable to eat daily. FAO estimates that number will be 23 million by the end of 2021, 60% of the population.

US withdrawal leaves challenges to Afghanistan peace process

Some poor mothers even sell babies in their wombs. From the beginning of 2021 to the end of February 2010, UNHCR estimates that approximately 140,000 people have become refugees and have flowed to neighboring countries. It has been more than half a year since the US military withdrew and the crisis in Afghanistan was pointed out.  Can the international community pay more attention?

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